Slægten Reventlow:

Eduard August Reventlow
(1886 - 1918)

Andre slægter:

Cort Sivertsen Adeler
(1622 - 1675)

Slotte og Herregårde


I 1891 erhvervede grev Ludvig Reventlow, Rudbjerggaard med tilhørende skove og jordtilliggender. Hans bror grev Ferdinand Reventlow, der i mange år havde tjent som diplomat, senest som gesandt i Paris, havde længe ønsket sig at finde sig et sted, hvor han kunne trække sig tilbage. Grev Ferdinand var barnefødt på Lolland, og brøderne blev enige om, at han købte en del af Rudbjerggaard, så han kunne bygge Vindeholme hovedbygning og avlsgård. Vindeholme blev således udstykket i 1910 fra Rudbjerggård til Ferdinand Reventlow, som anvendte gården som landsted og otium efter en lang karriere. Gården ligger i Tillitse sogn, Lollands Sønder herred, Lolland kommune. Hovedbygningen er opført i 1913 efter tegninger af H.C. Amberg, mens avlsbygningerne er opført 1909. Grev Ferdinand valgte at bygge bag diget, hvortil venderne (heraf vendernes holm = Vindeholme) antagelig ikke kunne sejle længere. På trods af grev Ferdinand Reventlows ellers beskedne livsstil, blev slottet bygget særdeles smukt og præsentabelt, og det var hans ønske, at man fra stuerne på beletage kunne se ud over Østersøen. I 1926 arvede nevøen grev Frederik Reventlow Vindeholme og boede der permanent fra 1960 til 1972 hvorefter hans nevø grev Einar Reventlow arvede Vindeholme.


Reventlow, Christian Detlev 1710-1775
Reventlow, Christian Detlev 1710-1775

Ridder af Dannebrog

Symbolum: Fides in Deum, fides in Regem

Gravsten og epitafier

Ligsten over <a href=Erik Krabbe og Margrethe Andersdatter Reventlow' title='Ligsten over Erik Krabbe og Margrethe Andersdatter Reventlow' />
Ligsten over Erik Krabbe og Margrethe Andersdatter Reventlow

Jordløse Kirke, Haarby, Båg Herred, Odense Amt, Danmark

Udskriv Tilføj bogmærke
Karl August Hardenberg

Karl August Hardenberg

Mand 1750 - 1822  (72 år)

Personlige oplysninger    |    Medie    |    Begivenhedskort    |    Alle    |    PDF

  • Navn Karl August Hardenberg 
    Fødsel 31 maj 1750  Essenrode, Niedersachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Køn Mand 
    Død 27 nov. 1822  Genua, Italien Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    • Karl August von Hardenberg
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Karl August von Hardenberg (31 May 1750 – 26 November 1822) was a Prussian statesman and Prime Minister of Prussia.
      While during his late career he acquiesced to reactionary policies, earlier in his career he implemented a variety of
      Liberal reforms. To him and Baron vom Stein, Prussia was indebted for improvements in its army system, the abolition
      of serfdom and feudal burdens, the throwing open of the civil service to all classes, and the complete reform of the
      educational system.[1]

      Early career
      Hardenberg was born at Essenrode Manor in Essenrode (now a part of Lehre) near Hanover. After studying at Leipzig and
      Göttingen he entered the Hanoverian civil service in 1770 as councillor of the board of domains (Kammerrat); but,
      finding his advancement slow, he set out — on the advice of King George III of the United Kingdom — on a series of
      travels, spending some time at Wetzlar, Regensburg (where he studied the mechanism of the Imperial government),
      Vienna and Berlin. He also visited France, the Dutch Republic and Great Britain, where he was received kindly by the
      King. On his return, he married, at his father's suggestion, the Countess Christiane von Reventlow (1759–1793).

      In 1778, Hardenberg was raised to the rank of privy councillor and created a graf (or count). He went back to
      England, in the hope of obtaining the post of Hanoverian envoy in London; but his wife began an affair with the
      Prince of Wales, creating so great a scandal that he was forced to leave the Hanoverian service. In 1782 he entered
      the service of the Duke of Brunswick, and as president of the board of domains displayed a zeal for reform, in the
      manner approved by the enlightened despots of the century, that rendered him very unpopular with the orthodox clergy
      and the conservative estates. In Brunswick, too, his position was in the end made untenable by the conduct of his
      wife, whom he now divorced; he himself, shortly afterwards, marrying a divorced woman.

      Administrator of Ansbach and Bayreuth
      Fortunately for Hardenberg, this coincided with the lapsing of the principalities of Ansbach and Bayreuth to Prussia,
      owing to the resignation of the last margrave, Charles Alexander, in 1791. Hardenberg, who happened to be in Berlin
      at the time, was appointed administrator of the principalities in 1792, on the recommendation of Ewald Friedrich von
      Hertzberg. The position, owing to the singular overlapping of territorial claims in the old Empire, was one of
      considerable delicacy, and Hardenberg filled it with great skill, doing much to reform traditional anomalies and to
      develop the country, and at the same time labouring to expand the influence of Prussia in South Germany.

      Prussian envoy
      After the outbreak of the revolutionary wars his diplomatic ability led to his appointment as Prussian envoy, with a
      roving commission to visit the Rhenish courts and win them over to Prussia's views; and ultimately, when the
      necessity for making peace with the French Republic had been recognized, he was appointed to succeed Count Goltz as
      Prussian plenipotentiary at Basel (February 28, 1795), where he signed the treaty of peace.

      Prussian cabinet
      In 1797, on the accession of King Frederick William III of Prussia, Hardenberg was summoned to Berlin, where he
      received an important position in the cabinet and was appointed chief of the departments of Magdeburg and
      Halberstadt, for Westphalia, and for the principality of Neuchâtel. In 1793 Hardenberg had struck up a friendship
      with Count Haugwitz, the influential minister for foreign affairs, and when in 1803 the latter went away on leave
      (August–October) he appointed Hardenberg his locum tenens. It was a critical period. Napoleon had just occupied
      Hanover, and Haugwitz had urged upon the king the necessity for strong measures and the expediency of a Russian
      alliance; During his absence, however, the king's irresolution continued; he clung to the policy of neutrality which
      had so far seemed to have served Prussia so well; and Hardenberg contented himself with adapting himself to the royal
      will. By the time Haugwitz returned, the unyielding attitude of Napoleon had caused the king to make advances to
      Russia; but the mutual declarations of the 3rd and 25th of May 1804 only pledged the two powers to take up arms in
      the event of a French attack upon Prussia or of further aggressions in North Germany. Finally, Haugwitz, unable to
      persuade the cabinet to a more vigorous policy, resigned, and on April 14, 1804, Hardenberg succeeded him as foreign

      Prussian foreign minister
      If there was to be war, Hardenberg would have preferred the French alliance, the price Napoleon demanded for the
      cession of Hanover to Prussia; the Eastern powers would not freely have conceded so great an augmentation of Prussian
      power. However, he still hoped to gain the coveted prize by diplomacy, backed by the veiled threat of an armed
      neutrality. Then came Napoleon's contemptuous violation of Prussian territory by marching three French corps through
      Ansbach; King Frederick William's pride overcame his weakness, and on November 3 he signed with Tsar Alexander I of
      Russia the terms of an ultimatum to be laid before the French emperor.

      Haugwitz was despatched to Vienna with the document; but before he arrived the Battle of Austerlitz had been fought,
      and the Prussian plenipotentiary had to make terms with Napoleon. Prussia, by the treaty signed at Schönbrunn on
      December 15, 1805, received Hanover, but in return for all her territories in South Germany. One condition of the
      arrangement was the retirement of Hardenberg, whom Napoleon disliked. He was again foreign minister for a few months
      after the crisis of 1806 (April–July 1807); but Napoleon's resentment was implacable, and one of the conditions of
      the terms granted to Prussia by the Treaty of Tilsit was Hardenberg's dismissal.

      Prussian chancellor
      After the enforced retirement of Stein in 1810 and the unsatisfactory interlude of the feeble Altenstein ministry,
      Hardenberg was again summoned to Berlin, this time as chancellor (June 6, 1810). The campaign of Jena and its
      consequences had had a profound effect upon him; and in his mind the traditions of the old diplomacy had given place
      to the new sentiment of nationality characteristic of the coming age, which in him found expression in a passionate
      desire to restore the position of Prussia and crush her oppressors. During his retirement at Riga he had worked out
      an elaborate plan for reconstructing the monarchy on Liberal lines; and when he came into power, though the
      circumstances of the time did not admit of his pursuing an independent foreign policy, he steadily prepared for the
      struggle with France by carrying out Stein's far-reaching schemes of social and political reorganization.

      The military system was completely reformed, serfdom was abolished, municipal institutions were fostered, the civil
      service was thrown open to all classes, and great attention was devoted to the educational needs of every section of
      the community. When at last the time came to put these reforms to the test, after the Moscow campaign of 1812, it was
      Hardenberg who persuaded Frederick William to take advantage of General Yorck's loyal disloyalty and declare against
      France. He was rightly regarded by German patriots as the statesman who had done most to encourage the spirit of
      national independence; and immediately after he had signed the first peace of Paris he was raised to the rank of
      prince (June 3, 1814) in recognition of the part he had played in the War of Liberation.

      Metternich's shadow
      Hardenberg now had a position in that close corporation of sovereigns and statesmen by whom Europe was governed. He
      accompanied the allied sovereigns to England, and at the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815) was the chief representative
      of Prussia. But from this time the zenith of his influence, if not of his fame, was passed. In diplomacy he was no
      match for Metternich, whose influence soon overshadowed his own in the councils of Europe, of Germany, and ultimately
      even of Prussia itself. At Vienna, in spite of the powerful backing of Alexander of Russia, he failed to secure the
      annexation of the whole of Saxony to Prussia; at Paris, after Waterloo, he failed to carry through his views as to
      the further dismemberment of France; he had weakly allowed Metternich to forestall him in making terms with the
      states of the Confederation of the Rhine, which secured to Austria the preponderance in the German federal diet; on
      the eve of the conference of Carlsbad (1819) he signed a convention with Metternich, by which — to quote the
      historian Treitschke — “like a penitent sinner, without any formal quid pro quo, the monarchy of Frederick the Great
      yielded to a foreign power a voice in her internal affairs.”

      At the congresses of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), Troppau, Laibach and Verona the voice of Hardenberg was but an echo of
      that of Metternich. The cause lay partly in the difficult circumstances of the loosely-knit Prussian monarchy, but
      partly in Hardenberg's character, which, never well balanced, had deteriorated with age. He continued amiable,
      charming and enlightened as ever; but the excesses which had been pardonable in a young diplomatist were a scandal in
      an elderly chancellor, and could not but weaken his influence with so pious a Landesvater as Frederick William III.

      To overcome the king's terror of Liberal experiments would have needed all the powers of an adviser at once wise and
      in character wholly trustworthy. Hardenberg was wise enough; he saw the necessity for constitutional reform; but he
      clung with almost senile tenacity to the sweets of office, and when the tide turned against Liberalism he allowed
      himself to drift with it. In the privacy of royal commissions, he continued to elaborate schemes for constitutions
      that never saw the light; but Germany, disillusioned, regarded him as an adherent of Metternich, an accomplice in the
      policy of the Carlsbad Decrees and the Troppau Protocol.

      He died at Genoa soon after the closing of the Congress of Verona. Hardenberg's Memoirs, 1801-07 were suppressed for
      fifty years after which they were edited with a biography by Leopold von Ranke and published as Denkwürdigkeiten des
      Fürsten von Hardenberg (5 vols., Leipzig, 1877).
    Person-ID I10712  Reventlow
    Sidst ændret 21 maj 2016 

    Far Christian Ludvig von Hardenberg,   f. 3 nov. 1700, Hardenberg, Göttingen, Niedersachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette stedd. 26 nov. 1781, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted (Alder 81 år) 
    Mor Anna Sophia Ehrengart von Bülow 
    Ægteskab 1749 
    Familie-ID F26270  Gruppeskema  |  Familietavle

    Familie Comtesse Juliane Frederikke Christiane Reventlow,   f. 15 feb. 1759, København, Sokkelund Herred, Københavns Amt, Danmark Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette stedd. 17 maj 1793, Regensburg, Bayern, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted (Alder 34 år) 
    Ægteskab 8 jun. 1774 
    Skilsmisse 31 aug. 1788 
    +1. Greve Christian Heinrich August Hardenberg-Reventlow,   f. 19 feb. 1775   d. 16 sep. 1840 (Alder 65 år)
    +2. Lucie Anna Christine Wilhelmine Hardenberg-Reventlow,   f. 4 sep. 1776, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette stedd. 8 maj 1854, Schloss Branitz, Cottbus, Brandenburg, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted (Alder 77 år)
    Familie-ID F34984  Gruppeskema  |  Familietavle
    Sidst ændret 6 mar. 2017 

  • Begivenhedskort
    Link til Google MapsFødsel - 31 maj 1750 - Essenrode, Niedersachsen, Tyskland Link til Google Earth
    Link til Google MapsDød - 27 nov. 1822 - Genua, Italien Link til Google Earth
     = Link til Google Earth 

  • Fortællinger
    Autobiografiske optegnelser af Etatsraad Lauritz Foss
    Autobiografiske optegnelser af Etatsraad Lauritz Foss
    Optegnelser vedr. besøg hos medlemmer af slægterne Reventlow og Ahlefeldt