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Adolf I von Kleve

Adolf I von Kleve

Mand 1373 - 1448  (75 år)



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  • Navn Adolf I von Kleve 
    Født 2 aug. 1373  Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Køn Mand 
    Titel
    • Herzog von Kleve
    Slægtskab 15 x Great Grand Father 
    Død 23 sep. 1448 
    Søskende 1 søsken 
    Gift: 1x1. Engilberta von Kleve
              f. 1375
              d. 12 jan. 1459  (Age 84 år)
     
    Notater 
    • Adolph I of Cleves (2 August 1373 – 23 September 1448) was the second Count of Cleves and the fourth Count of Mark.

      He was the son of Adolph III, Count of Mark, and Margaret of Jülich (and thus the brother of Margaret of Cleves).

      After his father's death in 1394, he became Count of Cleves. In 1397 he defeated his uncle William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg in the battle of Kleverhamm and became Lord of Ravenstein.

      When his brother Dietrich IX, Count of Mark died in battle in 1398, he also became Count of Mark. Adolph further expanded his influence by marrying a daughter of the Duke of Burgundy. As a result, Cleves was raised to a Duchy by the Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund, in 1417.

      From 1409 onwards he faced opposition from his younger brother Gerhard, who claimed the County of Mark. By 1423, their dispute resulted in an armed conflict, with Gerhard allying himself with the Archbishop of Cologne.

      A peace was signed between the two brothers in 1430 and confirmed in 1437. As a result, Gerhard ruled the largest part of Mark, but was to be succeeded by his nephew John. He was not allowed to call himself Count of Mark, but has to use the title Count zur Mark. After Gerhard's death in 1461, the County of Mark and the Duchy of Cleves were reunited again.

      Shortly before the year 1400 he married Agnes, daughter of Rupert of Germany and Elisabeth of Nuremberg. Agnes died a year later with no issue.
      In 1406 Adolf married Marie of Burgundy, daughter of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria. They had the following issue:

      Margarethe (23 February 1416 – 20 May 1444) married as her first husband William III, Duke of Bavaria on 11 May 1433; and as her second husband Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg on 29 January 1441
      Catherine (25 May 1417 – 10 February 1479) married Arnold, Duke of Guelders, on 23 July 1423
      John (1419–1481), succeeded as Duke of Cleves
      Elisabeth (1420–1488) married on 15 July 1434 Henry XXVI, of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (1418–1488)
      Agnes (1422–1446) married Charles IV, King of Navarre, on 30 September 1439 in Olite
      Helen (1423–1471) married on 12 February 1436 Henry "the Peaceful", Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c. 1411–1473)
      Adolph (1425–1492) married on 13 May 1453, to Beatrice of Portugal (1435–1462), daughter of Peter, Duke of Coimbra
      Mary (1426–1487) married Charles, Duke of Orléans; became parents of Louis XII, King of France
    Person-ID I1792  Reventlow | Ancestor to Christian Ditlev Reventlow
    Sidst ændret 16 apr. 2018 

    Far Aner Adolf von Kleve
              f. ca. 1334
              d. 7 sep. 1394, Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Age ~ 60 år) 
    Mor Margareta von Jülich-Berg
              f. ca. 1350
              d. ca. 1425  (Age ~ 75 år) 
    Gift 1369 
    Familie-ID F28020  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

    Familie Aner Marie de Bourgogne
              f. ca. 1390
              d. 5 dec. 1463, Brügge, Belgien Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Age ~ 73 år) 
    Gift 8 aug. 1406 
    Børn 
    Gift: 1x1. Katharina von Kleve
              f. 30 jun. 1417
              d. 18 mar. 1479  (Age 61 år)
    Gift: 1x2. Johann I von Kleve
              f. 24 mar. 1419, Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted
              d. 11 okt. 1481  (Age 62 år)
    +3. Elisabeth, Prinsesse af Cleve
              f. 6 nov. 1420, Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted
              d. mar. 1488, Arnstadt, Thüringen, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Age 67 år)
    +4. Helena von Kleve
              f. 23 sep. 1423
              d. 8 aug. 1471  (Age 47 år)
    Gift: 1x5. Maria von Kleve
              f. 25 okt. 1426
              d. 28 sep. 1487, Chauny, Frankrig Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Age 60 år)
    Sidst ændret 25 jan. 2015 
    Familie-ID F29945  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

  • Begivenheds Kort
    Link til Google MapsFødt - 2 aug. 1373 - Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Link til Google Earth
    Link til Google MapsBarn - Johann I von Kleve - 24 mar. 1419 - Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Link til Google Earth
    Link til Google MapsBarn - Elisabeth, Prinsesse af Cleve - 6 nov. 1420 - Clèves (Kleve), Rheinland-Westfalen, Tyskland Link til Google Earth
     = Link til Google Earth 

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    Adolf af Kleve
    Adolf af Kleve